In Gramadach By Victoria

Briathra Cúnta sa Bhéarla

Verb verb go bhfuil an chuid cainte go seasann caingean nó stáit. Ag brath ar cé chomh tábhachtach an briathar agus cibé ar chor ar bith, agus cén ról a dhéanann an togra, is féidir go léir na focail ar an teanga Béarla a roinnt i dtrí ghrúpa: na briathra shéimeantach notional verbs seirbhís semi-auxiliary verbs agus meánscoile auxiliary verbs Ciall againn go bhfuil an bhrí foclóireachta na briathra agus sa togra, go bhfuil siad preideacáid simplí ó bhéal. Uirlisí briathra bhrí foclóireachta bhaint, agus an abairt a úsáid ach amháin mar chuid de ainm cumaisc nó preideacáid ó bhéal. Le haghaidh tuilleadh sonraí, beidh muid ag labhairt faoi na briathra cúnta i mBéarla.


Cad iad na briathra cúnta sa Bhéarla?

I briathra cúnta i mBéarla nach bhfuil aon bhrí foclóireachta. Na briathra a úsáid ach amháin i gcomhar le briathra ciall a ilchodach (anailíseacha) foirm chruthú.
Seo iad na briathra is coitianta:

  • to be am are is was were been
  • to do do does did
  • to have have has had
  • shall should
  • will would

An briathar to be i bhfoirmeacha áirithe a úsáidtear le haghaidh foirmiú na láthair simplí Present Simple agus am caite Past Simple Braitheann an rogha foirm an bhriathair i am sonraithe ar an líon agus ar an duine a bheith. Am — d’aonaid dhuine amháin. = uimhreacha are — do dhuine amháin níos mó. uimhir 2 duine uatha. agus go leor eile. uimhir iolra 3 duine. uimhreacha; is — don tríú duine uatha. uimhir. An uair dheireanach a was a úsáidtear le haghaidh an uimhir uatha, agus were — le haghaidh il. Is cuid den preideacáid san am ar fad-téarma i láthair, am atá caite agus sa todhchaí Present Continuous / Past Continuous / Future Continuous Samplaí:

She is at the hospital now. – She is at the hospital now. – Tá sí anois san ospidéal.

We were next to your house yesterday. – We were next to your house yesterday. – Inné bhí muid gar do theach.

I am working at the moment. – I am working at the moment. – I láthair na huaire, tá mé ag obair.

Tá a leithéid de briathar cúnta sa Bhéarla to do trí fhoirm: do / does / did An fhoirm does úsáid a bhaint as tríú duine uatha, roghnaigh shlí eile do Baineann sé le dáta simplí — Present Simple San aimsir atá caite simplí — Past Simple — úsáidimid ach an briathar did Tá an cúnta ag teastáil le haghaidh foirmiú na pianbhreitheanna ceisteacha agus diúltacha sna hamanna. Samplaí:

She doesn’t do her work thoroughly. – She doesn’t do her work thoroughly. – Nach bhfuil sí ag déanamh a chuid oibre go cúramach.

You did not find a way out. – You did not find a way out. – Níor thug tú a fháil ar bhealach amach.

He does not feel good. – He does not feel good. – Measann sé dona.

An briathar cúnta to have go bhfuil trí chineál: have has had Tá an briathar a úsáidtear chun foirm a foirm ilchodach de na láthair, am atá caite agus foirfe aimsir todhchaí Present Perfect / Past Perfect / Future Perfect agus mar an gcéanna tiomanta le fada sa Bhéarla Present Perfect Continuous / Past Perfect Continuous / Future Perfect Continuous Foirm have gá do gach duine a agus uimhreacha ach amháin an tríú duine uatha. Sa chás seo, bain úsáid as an bhfoirm has Tá sé ar fad san aimsir láithreach. San am atá caite — an fhoirm had a bheith go léir. Samplaí:

He has just written the letter. – He has just written the letter. – Bhí sé díreach i scríbhinn litir.

We had finished building this house when they came. – a tháinig. We had finished building this house when they came. – We had finished building this house when they came. – Chun a bhfuil siad tagtha, ní mór dúinn críochnaithe ag tógáil tí.

Briathra Cúnta sa Bhéarla, agus é a shall agus will is gá chun an foirmiú na n-amanna amach anseo i mBéarla. Is é seo an simplí, fad-téarma, tiomanta, tiomanta le fada Future Simple Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect Continuous Faoi láthair, an briathar cúnta shall úsáidtear ar éigean, agus roimhe sin bhí in úsáid le forainmneacha 1st duine mar uimhir uatha agus iolra. Na foirmeacha should / would ​​de dhíth sna moltaí, breathnú ar na rialacha an ord aimsirí. Samplaí:

My father will come in two days. – My father will come in two days. – Beidh mo athair teacht i dhá lá.

We shall be cooking tomorrow. — We shall be cooking tomorrow. — Amárach beidh orainn a bheith réidh.

A friend of mine told me he would read this book at the weekends. – ag léamh an leabhar seo ag an deireadh seachtaine. A friend of mine told me he would read this book at the weekends. – A friend of mine told me he would read this book at the weekends. – Shíl Mo chara go mbeadh sé seo a léamh leabhar ar an deireadh seachtaine.

Nach bhfuil briathra cúnta i mBéarla leor, ach ní mór iad a bheith ar eolas, ós rud é a chinneadh siad an t-am foirmiú agus úsáid na teanga seo.

 

Gramadach

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