In Gramadach By Victoria

Ceist leis an ábhar i mBéarla

As na cúig cineálacha ceisteanna i mBéarla, agus tá sé seo dócha gurb é an éasca. Ní chuireann sé a cheangal ar aon eolas speisialta agus a chruthú — fiú rud momentary. Mar is léir ó eisiúint ainm, á iarraidh air ceann de na codanna is mó de na habairte, is é sin, leis an ábhar. Dá bhrí sin, beidh san eagrán seo den phianbhreith a as láthair, agus beidh a áit ar cheann de dhá fhocal ceisteacha.


Ós rud é go freagraí ar an ábhar na ceisteanna ar «a? «Agus» Cad é? «Dá bhrí sin, tá a gcomhghleacaithe na Breataine focal who? Agus what? I bhfoirmiú an cheist leis an ábhar sa Bhéarla the question to the subject nach gá a athrú ar an ord na bhfocal in abairt. In a nutshell shainiú prionsabal lena mbunaítear an tsaincheist leis an ábhar i mBéarla, gheobhaidh tú an méid seo a leanas: a ghlacadh abairt dearfach, bain an ábhar, agus ina áit a chur ar an focal cheist cuí — who / what Tá sé ach is gá a mheabhrú go bhfuil i an briathar aimsir láithreach san abairt a bheith i bhfoirm ar an tríú duine uatha.

Who saw an accident? – Who saw an accident? – Cé a chonaic an timpiste?

Who married Nick? – Who married Nick? – Cé a chuaigh chun pósadh Nick?

Who writes a lot of articles? – Who writes a lot of articles? – Cé a scríobhann go leor alt?

What needs painting? – What needs painting? – Cad is gá a bheith péinteáilte?

What made you feel upset? – What made you feel upset? – Cad é atá tú trína chéile?

What is near this building? – What is near this building? – Cad é in aice leis an bhfoirgneamh?

Ba mhaith liom freisin a thabhairt faoi deara go bhfuil an cheist atá le sainiú i mBéarla tógtha chomh maith ar phrionsabal an tairiscint dearfach. Sa chás seo, ní mór dúinn na focail cheist seo a leanas: what — conas, which — is é sin, whose — a bhfuil a, how much / how many — cé mhéad.

How many students study foreign languages? – How many students study foreign languages? – Cé mhéad mac léinn a fhoghlaim teangacha iasachta?

What weather irritates you? – What weather irritates you? – Cad é annoys an aimsir agat?

Whose performance was the best one? – Whose performance was the best one? – Cé leis fheidhmíocht a bhí an chuid is fearr?

An freagra ar an gceist leis an ábhar i mBéarla gairid go leor:

What scared you? — A ghost did. — What scared you? — A ghost did. — Cad é atá tú scanraithe? — Specter.

 

Gramadach

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