In Gramadach By Victoria

Ceist malartacha sa Bhéarla

I mBéarla, tá cúig cineálacha ceisteanna: ginearálta general question speisialta special question scaradh disjunctive / tag question malartacha alernative question a eisiúint chuig an ábhar agus an cheist question to the subject Chun níos mó faoi gach ceann de na ceisteanna seo a fhoghlaim, agus is féidir leat a fheiceáil «Cineálacha ceisteanna nó abairtí ceisteacha sa Bhéarla», atá suite i «Gramadaí» ar ár blog. San Airteagal seo, táimid ag scrúdú a dhéanamh ar an cheist malartacha i mBéarla.


Cad ceist ar a dtugtar an rogha eile?

An cineál ceiste i mBéarla, rud a chiallaíonn rogha de dhá daoine, rudaí, gníomhartha, cáilíochtaí, srl Is féidir an cheist seo a shocrú chun aon chomhalta den togra. Is é sin, an cheist malartacha — ceist a bheidh in úsáid san or (nó).

Is féidir leis an tús an cheist eile a bheith cúnta nó modal briathar. Mar shampla, a chur ar an togra chun ceisteanna a fhoirmiú: He sent a beautiful postcard to his mother two days ago. It is very warm outside at this time of the year. Is é sin d’fhéadfadh a bheith ar an mhalairt ar an chéad cheist ag rá:

Did he send a postcard or a letter two days ago? – dhá lá ó shin? Did he send a postcard or a letter two days ago? – Did he send a postcard or a letter two days ago? – Chuir sé cárta poist nó litir dhá lá ó shin?

Did he send a postcard to his mother yesterday or two days ago? – inné nó dhá lá ó shin? Did he send a postcard to his mother yesterday or two days ago? – Did he send a postcard to his mother yesterday or two days ago? – Chuir sé a mháthair cárta poist inné nó dhá lá ó shin?

Did he send the postcard to his mother or his sister? – nó a dheirfiúr? Did he send the postcard to his mother or his sister? – Did he send the postcard to his mother or his sister? – Chuir sé cárta poist chuig a mháthair nó deirfiúr?

Ach na ceisteanna mhalairt togra:

Is it cold or warm outside? – Is it cold or warm outside? – Ar an teas sráide nó fuar?

Is it warm inside or ouside? – Is it warm inside or ouside? – Teas ar an tsráid nó sa bhaile?

Is it often warm outside or only at this time of the year? – an am seo den bhliain? Is it often warm outside or only at this time of the year? – Is it often warm outside or only at this time of the year? – Is é an tsráid go minic teas nó nach bhfuil ach ag an am seo den bhliain?

Má tá an cheist malartacha nach briathar cúnta amháin, ach arís eile, an chéad a chur ar an muid roimh an ábhar, agus an chuid eile díreach tar éis dó.

He has been studying for several years. – He has been studying for several years. – Tá sé ag déanamh staidéir ar feadh roinnt blianta.
Has he been studying or working for several years? – blianta? Has he been studying or working for several years? – Has he been studying or working for several years? – Tá sé ina mhac léinn nó ag obair le cúpla bliain?

Is féidir le ceist malartacha i mBéarla tús freisin le focal ceist. Ansin, is é an cheist go díreach ó eisiúint speisialta, le leanúint ag an dá chuid aonchineálach na habairte, a bhíonn ceangailte ag comhar nó. Mar shampla:

When were you interrupted: at the beginning or in the middle of your speech? — nó i lár do chuid cainte? When were you interrupted: at the beginning or in the middle of your speech? — When were you interrupted: at the beginning or in the middle of your speech? — Nuair a bhíonn tú isteach i tús nó lár an óráid?

Má bhaineann an cheist mhalairt ar an ábhar, is é an dara ábhar i gcónaí roimh ag briathar cúnta nó modha. Mar shampla: Did you tell her the truth, or did he
Conas a fhreagairt chineál seo ceiste i mBéarla? Cinnte tá / níl freagra, araon i ábhar go ginearálta, ní bheidh sé seal. Ní mór freagraí a bheith i gcrích iomlán agus loighciúil. Mar shampla:

Will he try to take part in this or next competitions? – nó eile comórtais? Will he try to take part in this or next competitions? – Will he try to take part in this or next competitions? – Beidh sé iarracht páirt a ghlacadh sna comórtais nó an chéad cheann eile?

As na cineálacha ceisteanna i mBéarla malartacha tá sé ar cheann de na éasca. Dá bhrí sin, ní bheidh an staidéar ar cheist malartach i mBéarla a ghlacadh i bhfad de do chuid ama.

 

Gramadach

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