In Gramadach By Jana

Táblaí de abairtí ceisteacha ag amanna

As na hairteagail roimhe seo ar ár bhlag a fhios agat cheana féin cad iad na cineálacha abairtí ceisteacha ann sa Bhéarla, agus tá moltaí conas a leithéid. Ina theannta sin, tá tú is dócha cheana féin ar an eolas maidir leis na hamanna gur féidir a úsáid i mBéarla. Ar ár suíomh is féidir leat teacht ar a tábla achomair de gach am. A chur le chéile an dá topaicí, beidh tú ag foghlaim conas a thógáil go héasca cineálacha éagsúla abairtí ceisteacha in amanna éagsúla.


Mar sin, in iúl dúinn chun cuimhne go i scaoileadh Béarla 5 phríomhchineál ceisteanna:

  1. Ceisteanna ginearálta general questions
  2. Saincheisteanna Speisialta special questions
  3. Ceisteanna don duine is ábhar questions to the subject
  4. Saincheisteanna a isolating tag questions / disjunctive questions
  5. Ceisteanna malartacha alternative questions

Next, a ligean ar déileáil le gach ceann de na cineálacha, ach roimh sin, muid isteach an nodaireacht a bheidh in úsáid sna táblaí:

  • Ssubject — ar an ábhar (is féidir é a chur in iúl ag forainm, ainmfhocal, gerund).
  • Vverb — briathar.
  • V2verb2 — an dara foirm an bhriathair nó briathar dar críoch — ed má tá sé an briathar ceart.
  • Vingverb ing — verb leis an deireadh — ing
  • V3verb3 — an tríú bhfoirm briathar nó briathar leis an dar críoch an — ed má tá sé an briathar ceart.
  • Wh — focal cheist.

I ngach ceann de na cealla de na táblaí bhfuil foirmle coiteann do thógáil agus mar shampla ar mhaithe le soiléire.

Agus táim ag anois, i ndáiríre, conas a thógáil gach cineál ceiste.

Lig dúinn scrúdú a dhéanamh ar dtús leis an ceisteanna ginearálta, na ceisteanna is féidir a fhreagairt ceachtar «tá» nó «níl.» A thógáil ar na ceisteanna Beidh briathar cúnta a dhéanamh sa chéad áit. Seo an chaoi a rachaidh sé cuma i amanna éagsúla:

Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous
Present Do (does) + S + V To be (am/is/are) + S + Ving Have/has + S + V3 Have/has + S + been + Ving
Do you work here? Are you working here? Have you worked here? Have you been working here?
Past Did + S + V To be (was/were) + S + Ving Had + S + V3 Had + S + been + Ving
Did you work here? Were you working here? Had you worked here? Had you been working here?
Future Will + S + V Will + S + be + Ving Will + S + have + V3 Will + S + have + been + Ving
Will you work here? Will you be working here? Will you have worked here? Will you have been working here?

Thabhairt chun cuimhne go bhfuil an rogha na briathra cúnta am / is / are do / does have / has ag brath ar an duine atá faoi réir an togra seo, is é sin, más rud é go ngníomhaíonn an ábhar mar forainm sa tríú duine uimhir uatha, an briathar to be i is an briathar to dodoes agus an briathar to havehas seach.

Tar éis scrúdú na prionsabail ghinearálta na saincheisteanna coitianta, táimid ag bogadh ar aghaidh chuig cheisteanna ar leith. Fortunately, tá an scéim na tógála den chineál seo de cheist beagnach mar an gcéanna leis na ciorcaid na saincheisteanna is coiteann. Is é an difríocht amháin go bhfuil ag an tús togra den sórt sin a chur ar an bhfocal cheist why what where when whose which whom how nó dearadh ceisteacha what time what kind of / what sort of how often how long how many / how much how old with whom etc ceisteanna den sórt ní féidir a fhreagairt go simplí «tá» nó «níl.»

Seo conas tá sé:

Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous
Present Wh + do(does) + S + V Wh + to be (am/is/are) + S + Ving Wh + have/has + S + V3 Wh + have/has + S + been + Ving
Where do you work? Where are you working? Where have you worked? Where have you been working?
Past Wh + did + S + V Wh + to be (was/were) + S + Ving Wh + had + S + V3 Wh + had + S + been + Ving
Where did you work? Where were you working? Where had you worked? Where had you been working?
Future Wh + will + S + V Wh + will + S + be + Ving Wh + will + S + have + V3 Wh + will + S + have + been + Ving
Where will you work? Where will you be working? Where will you have worked? Where will you have been working?

Anois féach ar conas atá nithe á dtógáil leis an ábhar. Sa chineál seo de cheisteanna mar an t-ordú de na focail sa togra dearfach mar an gcéanna, agus a bhíonn ar siúl faoi réir an focal gceist who what

Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous
Present Wh + Vs Wh + is + Ving Wh + has + V3 Wh + has + been + Ving
Who works here? Who is working here? Who has worked here? Who has been working here?
Past Wh + V2 Wh + was + Ving Wh + had + V3 Wh + had + been + Ving
Who worked here? Who was working here? Who had worked here? Who had been working here?
Future Wh + will + V Wh + will be + Ving Wh + will have + V3 Wh + will have + been + Ving
Who will work here? Who will be working here? Who will have worked here? Who will have been working here?

Lig dúinn scrúdú a dhéanamh ar na saincheisteanna seo a leanas a roinnt. Sna cúrsaí seo, freisin, choinnigh an t-ordú díreach na focail, ach sa deireadh chuir siad a eireaball mar a thugtar air, is féidir a aistriú go Rúisis ag na habairtí seo a leanas: nach bhfuil sé? nach bhfuil sé? ceart? huh? etc Thabhairt chun cuimhne go má tá an chéad chuid den cheist yes, ansin is é ár «eireaball» diúltacha, agus vice versa. Léiríonn an tábla thíos léaráid de thógáil an tsaincheist idirscartha, nuair a bheidh an chéad chuid den dearfach:

Simple Continuous Perfect Perfect Continuous
Present S + V, do/does/is/are + not + S S + to be (am/is/are) + Ving, are/is + not + S S + have/has + V3, have/has + not + S S + have/has + been + Ving, have/has + not + S
You work here, don’t you? You are working here, aren’t you? You have worked here, haven’t you? You have been working here, haven’t you?
Past S + V2, did/was/were + not + S S + to be (was/were) + Ving, was/were + not + S S + had + V3, had+not+S S + had + been + Ving, had + not + S
You worked here, didn’t you? You were working here, weren’t you? You had worked here, hadn’t you? You had been working here, hadn’t you?
Future S + will + V, will + not + S S + will be + Ving, will + not + S S + will have + V3, will + not + S S + will have been + Ving, will + not + S
You will work here, won’t you? You will be working here, won’t you? You will have worked here, won’t you? You will have been working here, won’t you?

Ar deireadh, an cineál an cúigiú cuid den cheist i mBéarla, is é an rogha eile a rogha idir na cuspóirí, gníomhartha, daoine srl Sa chineál seo de cheisteanna aontas i láthair nó or Má cheist den sórt sin gan focal ceist, tá sé tógtha ar phrionsabal an fhadhb ginearálta leis an Chomh maith rogha eile, an dara rogha. Má tá an focal cheist láthair, tá an tógáil ciorcad ar an gceist ceachtar le ceist ar leith, nó le heisiúint leis an ábhar. Nach bhfuil a chuid struchtúr an cheist sin ar leithligh, mar sin ní bheidh muid a mar thoradh ar an tábla ar leith. Le haghaidh tuilleadh eolais faoin gcineál seo ceisteanna is féidir leat a léamh i an t-alt «An cheist malartacha i mBéarla.»

Tabhair faoi deara go bhfuil an t-airteagal seo scéim ginearálaithe de cheisteanna a thógáil i mBéarla i gcónaí an éarlais iarbhír. Tá gach cineál a saintréithe féin, a soilsithe sna hairteagail ábhartha de láithreán gréasáin. Mar sin féin, is féidir leis an scéim thuas a úsáid mar bhonn le haghaidh tógáil na pianbhreitheanna ceisteacha. In ainneoin an seeming ar an gcéad amharc, castacht na foirmlí a thugtar sna táblaí, go bhfuil siad simplí go leor agus éasca le húsáid.

Má tá tú i mbun an phróisis foghlama teanga cosúil le gach rud a ordú agus roinnte i gcatagóirí, féadfaidh a leithéid de chineál cur i láthair a bheith úsáideach duit.

 

Gramadach

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